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It is now more obvious than ever that for humans to thrive we depend on the resilience of the planet. How might we enable businesses that thrive on ethical purpose? In this session, we will explore new perspectives that encourage a holistic approach to interventions in food waste, ecosystem services and organisational ethics.

Meta-Motivations was the first theme at the Tech Foresight 2040 conference, where we explored the future together with three visionary academics and three start-ups. They gave us perspective on what we can do to ensure we keep our planetary resources for the next generation? Explore their stories and narratives below. 

The videos

Rewilding our futures: How to improve nature and livelihoods
Rewilding our futures: How to improve nature and livelihoods

Many believe that people’s needs are at odds with nature conservation, but Dr. Cristina Banks-Leite shows how we can preserve species, increase the provision of ecosystem services to local farmers, and have a minimal impact on the economy. Watch now

Sensors of everything: The invisible driver of the information age
Sensors of everything: The invisible driver of the information age

With the wide adoption of mobile computing platforms, such as smartphones, low-cost sensors have enabled unprecedented insights into how we live and interact with the world around us. Watch now

Ethical leadership: Leading in uncertain times
Ethical leadership: Leading in uncertain times

As we move through this pandemic crisis, what ethical challenges are leaders facing, and how can they manage them most effectively? Watch now

Tech Foresight 2040

Tech Foresight 2040 was curated by Imperial Tech Foresight, the College’s dedicated foresight practice. As a team, they allow business leaders to immerse themselves in the fringes of disruption, exploring breakthrough technologies and research through visionary academic perspectives and thought-pieces. All with a long-term view. 

This content was created as part of the annual Tech Foresight conference. It is a session in which academics from across Imperial College London turn their expertise to exploring the future impact of new technologies and scientific breakthroughs. This year the theme was Intentional Creations exploring innovations with a positive impact on society, avoiding hype and unintended consequences. Broad insights were covered from the future of biodiversity services to new material innovation that can make every fabric smart. 


The conference is made possible by Imperial Business Partners programme, a gateway to the forefront of science and technology at Imperial College London. It offers competitive advantage to businesses by allowing them to collaborate with world-leading experts, identifying industry-critical ideas and solutions. As part of Imperial Business Partners you can get accelerated access to cutting-edge talent, technology, innovations and insights such as the Tech Foresight conference.

Visionary academic speakers

Dr Cristina Banks-Leite
Dr Cristina Banks-Leite

Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London

Dr Cristina Banks-Leite is an ecologist working to reveal the causes and consequences of species extinction. She was born and raised in Brazil and most of her work is focused on tropical rainforests and how to preserve these fragile ecosystems. Her research has shown what are the minimum area requirements to preserve biodiversity, results which have been implemented as the official target for restoration in two separate environmental resolutions legislated in Brazil. 

Dr Firat Güder
Dr Firat Güder

Faculty of Engineering, Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London

Dr Firat Güder is a senior lecturer in the Department of Bioengineering at Imperial College London. Firat and his teamwork in the interface of material science, electronics, chemistry and biology, focusing on the development of new materials and low-cost transducers to interface the physical, chemical and biological world around us with machines. Firat is passionate about solving problems in healthcare, agriculture and food systems. 

Professor Celia Moore
Professor Celia Moore

Business School, Imperial College London

 Celia Moore is Professor of Organisational Behaviour at Imperial College Business School. She has also been a visiting scholar at Harvard Business School and a Fellow of the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics at Harvard University. She is currently an Academic Fellow of the Ethics and Compliance Initiative and sits on the UK’s Banking Standards Board Assessment Steering Committee. Her research and teaching sits at the intersection of leadership and ethics, and she is particularly interested in supporting individuals to enact their moral agency responsibly.  

Explore the questions and answers from the event

Rewilding our future

how to improve nature and livelihoods

Dr Cristina Banks-Leite

What are the most significant opportunities and threats for conserving biodiversity in the coming years?

It’s crucial that we stop habitat transformation (e.g., deforestation) and restore native habitat to preserve the vast majority of species. The fine tuning of it, which includes how much habitat do we need, or how to restore and in which configuration, can be easily answered by collecting new data or analysing data that have already been collected as part of previous projects. We are at a stage where science alone could tell us how to preserve biodiversity. The main threat at the moment is lack of political will and in fact politicians in some countries are actively working to deregulate environmental policy, as is the case of Brazil and US.

Sensors of everything
the invisible driver of the information age

Dr Firat Güder

Low-cost is a theme in the sensors you work on, why is this important to you?

It is important for two reasons: 1. Low-cost increases accessibility, especially in the developing world. When technology costs too much, it decreases accessibility. Also, low-cost increases the frequency at which technology is used; if we want to equip the world around us with sensors, they would need to be inexpensive. 2. I just like the challenge. It is always possible to provide solutions through “over-engineering” technology. If we find a trick, perhaps bugs in the system, we may be able to find a solution to a hard problem through simplicity. If something takes a lot of steps to make, perhaps there is a better solution out there. That what I strive for to find that shortcut.

Ethical leadership

Leading in uncertain times.

Professor Celia Moore

Why do leaders who express unethical behaviours still have a large following?

We need to remember that the natural human tendency is to follow, and that charismatic leaders can still gain a following if they present a compelling vision. The classic example of an unethical leader who still commanded a large following is Hitler, but cult leaders, Mafia leaders, white supremacist leaders can all still motivate others to follow them. It is also important to keep in mind that, often, leaders who engage in unethical actions do so in the name of moral logic as well, just a flawed moral logic. Leaders of white supremacist organizations, for example, believe that it is morally right and justified to treat communities of colour less equitably than individuals who are white. While that is a deeply flawed moral logic, internally, it remains a moral logic to them. This does not in any way justify that logic. But it does point to the importance that morality holds for individuals, that even horrifically misguided unethical leaders still feel the need to justify their positions and visions using moral language.


The amount of forest cover we need to preserve in order to ensure biodiversity according to Dr Cristina Banks-Leite. 


The decrease price of accelerometers since 2007 according to Dr Firat Guder. 


usage of “I” words by participants who read non-fiction and fewer than half as many “we” words. Watch Professor Celia Moore’s presentation to explore how literature can expand our moral regard. 

These are just some of the areas covered during the TF2040 Meta-Motivations event. Explore the presentations further to hear the details behind the numbers. 

Featured startups

Treeconomy is a climate impact business, developing nature-based carbon capture solutions.  A combination of cutting edge remote sensing technology, business model and financial innovation allows Treeconomy to develop a sustainable path for a Net Zero transition.

EPiC IMPOC is an intelligent clinical decision support system.  It works at the point of care that helps health care professionals prescribe the most appropriate antibiotics.

Download the write-up

Tech Foresight 2040 - Technology with the best intentions

Read our post-conference write-up that brings together salient points from across our expert academic presentations. 

Download here